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LOT 35215775

Russian icon of the 19th century.

[ translate ]

Russian icon of the XIX century.
"Virgin with child".
Painting on wood. Oklad of gilded metal. Gilded wooden frame.
Good state of conservation.
Measurements: 27 x 21 cm (icon), 68 x 48 cm (frame).
Russian icon painted in tempera on board with chiseled and embossed silver in which the Virgin with the Child Jesus is represented. Mary is shown with her head slightly bent, holding the Child Jesus, presumably, in her arms.
The interest of this lot lies largely in the oklad, the silver plate covering part of its surface. The tradition of decorating icons with oklad appears after the mandate of the Most Holy Ruling Synod of 1722, when it was forbidden to hang metal crosses on the icons and to leave offerings in the form of coins, since this tradition had pagan roots. This applied decoration is found almost everywhere in the world, but it is more widespread in Central and Eastern Europe. And in the Orthodox tradition, the manufacture of these items became a separate kind of art and craftsmanship: many travelers noted with admiration in their diaries the luxury of Ukrainian and Russian shrines. The material for specialized craftsmen were noble metals, brass, copper and even tin. The wrought iron base was completed with semi-precious stones, reliefs, engravings, enamels, filigree, stained glass and enamels. The back was lined with soft red or purple velvet, or covered with wax. There were also embroidered oklad, in which the sturdy fabric was adorned with pearls and beads.
Oklads not only have an aesthetic purpose, but also a practical one. Icons painted on wood suffer from soot from candles, humidity, temperature fluctuations and are continually touched by parishioners. Likewise, the paint darkens, mars, cracks and rubs off. The oklad or "curl", another term used, protects the icons from damaging effects, prolonging their life span.
As with icon painting, the materials used in making a decorative oklad have their own particular symbolism, which can tell a lot about the icon hidden underneath. For example, in the case of the auctioned icon, the main material, silver, symbolizes purity and virtue, deliverance from sins and salvation of the soul.

COMMENTS

This lot can be seen at the Setdart Valencia Gallery located at C/Cirilo Amorós, 55.

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Time, Location
08 Mar 2024
Spain, Valencia
Auction House
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[ translate ]

Russian icon of the XIX century.
"Virgin with child".
Painting on wood. Oklad of gilded metal. Gilded wooden frame.
Good state of conservation.
Measurements: 27 x 21 cm (icon), 68 x 48 cm (frame).
Russian icon painted in tempera on board with chiseled and embossed silver in which the Virgin with the Child Jesus is represented. Mary is shown with her head slightly bent, holding the Child Jesus, presumably, in her arms.
The interest of this lot lies largely in the oklad, the silver plate covering part of its surface. The tradition of decorating icons with oklad appears after the mandate of the Most Holy Ruling Synod of 1722, when it was forbidden to hang metal crosses on the icons and to leave offerings in the form of coins, since this tradition had pagan roots. This applied decoration is found almost everywhere in the world, but it is more widespread in Central and Eastern Europe. And in the Orthodox tradition, the manufacture of these items became a separate kind of art and craftsmanship: many travelers noted with admiration in their diaries the luxury of Ukrainian and Russian shrines. The material for specialized craftsmen were noble metals, brass, copper and even tin. The wrought iron base was completed with semi-precious stones, reliefs, engravings, enamels, filigree, stained glass and enamels. The back was lined with soft red or purple velvet, or covered with wax. There were also embroidered oklad, in which the sturdy fabric was adorned with pearls and beads.
Oklads not only have an aesthetic purpose, but also a practical one. Icons painted on wood suffer from soot from candles, humidity, temperature fluctuations and are continually touched by parishioners. Likewise, the paint darkens, mars, cracks and rubs off. The oklad or "curl", another term used, protects the icons from damaging effects, prolonging their life span.
As with icon painting, the materials used in making a decorative oklad have their own particular symbolism, which can tell a lot about the icon hidden underneath. For example, in the case of the auctioned icon, the main material, silver, symbolizes purity and virtue, deliverance from sins and salvation of the soul.

COMMENTS

This lot can be seen at the Setdart Valencia Gallery located at C/Cirilo Amorós, 55.

[ translate ]
Estimate
Unlock
Time, Location
08 Mar 2024
Spain, Valencia
Auction House
Unlock
View it on